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Kinds of flower bulbs

Some flower bulbs will emerge and bloom year after year, but not all of them. And some flower bulbs will even increase in number from 10 to 100! So what more can we say about these various kinds of flower bulbs? In short, flower bulbs can be classified into three kinds: annuals, perennials and naturalising bulbs.

Annual flower bulbs

The first group of flower bulbs are the annuals. These flower bulbs will produce their most beautiful display during the first year after planting. They are known for their impressive bright colours and for this reason are often planted to create a massive colour effect in flowerbeds. Many annual flower bulbs will also emerge the next year but will then produce fewer flowers. Over time, they will no longer flower at all. Examples of annual flower bulbs are crocuses (Crocus), tulips (Tulipa), grape hyacinths (Muscari) and large-cupped daffodils (Narcissus).

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bulb afbeelding bulb afbeelding

Perennial flower bulbs

The second kind of flower bulbs are the perennials. These are flower bulbs that will emerge and continue to bloom year after year. Perennial flower bulbs have to be planted only once. After they bloom, these flower bulbs should remain undisturbed in the ground so that their foliage (stem and leaves) is given the time to wither back and the bulbs under the ground can prepare for the next growing season. These perennial flower bulbs thus follow the same growth cycle as other perennial plants such as phlox and daylilies. Examples of perennial flower bulbs are Grecian windflowers (Anemone blanda), Glory-of-the-snow (Chionodoxa), Spanish bluebells (Hyacinthoides) and Striped squill (Puschkinia).

bulb afbeelding bulb afbeelding

bulb afbeelding bulb afbeelding

Naturalising bulbs

The third kind of flower bulbs are the naturalising bulbs. These are similar to perennial flower bulbs but with just that little bit extra. Like perennial flower bulbs, they only have to be planted once. They also remain undisturbed in the ground after flowering and will also emerge and bloom year after year. The little extra provided by naturalising bulbs is that they will also increase in number. Over time, a cluster of 10 naturalising bulbs can become a cluster of 100. Examples of naturalising bulbs are snowdrops (Galanthus), daffodils (Narcissus), Siberian squill (Scilla) and spring snowflakes (Leucojum vernum).

bulb afbeelding bulb afbeelding

bulb afbeelding bulb afbeelding

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